Unsurprisingly, a mild hybrid electric vehicle is just a mild version of the hybrid electric vehicle. The key difference is that unlike a full-hybrid, the mild-hybrid is unable to power a vehicle by itself for an entire journey. Though it can allow the engine to switch off at low speed, or when stationary, and the starter-generator seamlessly restarts when needed.
Most commonly, the battery is there to help reduce the workload of the combustion engine. However, in some cases the design and setup of the powertrain means that the battery is utilised to increase power and speed.
Self-Charging Hybrid Vehicles
The hybrid electric vehicle is where modern electrification of vehicles started. Featuring both a full-size internal combustion engine along with an electric motor and battery pack. Typically, the car will run on the battery alone at low speeds and then once an increase in speed is required, the petrol/diesel engine kicks in.
As you’d expect in a vehicle with a full-size engine, the battery isn’t large enough to take you long distances, however it would be able to make a short journey at low speed. In addition, it’s small enough that with regenerative breaking it will partly charge itself when you press the brake pedal. By sending the electric motor in reverse to act as a generator, which then charges the battery. Without being able to plug-in a full-hybrid, there will be occasions where the car has to burn fuel to charge the small battery.
Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles
You don’t have to be a bright spark to understand that a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle contains a battery that you plug-in to charge up. The advantage of this is that the with a larger battery comes a greater electrical range than the more conventional hybrids. Meaning you are able to travel further before the combustion engine kicks in. In fact, depending on the model and driving conditions, you could travel up to 30 miles on the battery alone which in emission terms is zero.
The innovation behind the plug-in also means that a PHEV intelligently conserves battery life by utilising their efficient combustion engines on longer journeys. Whilst switching to the electric motor in traffic or at low speeds; making a significant difference to lowering the CO2 emissions.
The easiest of them all, an EV is a full electric vehicle that runs purely on battery power. You will be required to charge this up either by using your domestic supply, a public charging point or a charging point at your place of work.
Electrify your driving experience with a Ford electrified vehicle
Ford is dedicated to improving air quality and lowering levels of pollution, that’s why the Ford range includes the award-winning EcoBoost petrol and EcoBlue diesel engines that combine performance with efficiency. With the changing times, more vehicles are being produced with alternative power, and, as part of this, Ford has promised to produce affordable and capable electric vehicles.
Ford’s range of hybrid electric vehicles uses intelligent technology to help with your journey. Smart technology learns when the best time to switch from petrol to electric power is, and uses your location to do this. So, if you’re close to home, or when you’re entering a low-emission zone, it will automatically switch to electric power.
Switching to Electrified vehicles is as easy as AC/DC
Learn more about the new range of electrified vehicle powertrains available from Ford, as well as the various types of charging options available.